The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania

Ph.D., Kinesiology, Specialization: Psychology of Movement and Sport, 2007

Dissertation: “The Significance of Locus-of-Esteem Enhancements in Pride-Based Assessment of the Need for Achievement”

The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

M.A., Exercise and Sport Science, Specialization: Sport Psychology, 2001

Concordia University, Portland, Oregon

B.A., Psychology, 1998

B.A., Liberal Arts, concentration in Physical Education, 1998

B.A., Secondary Education, endorsement in Biology, 1998